A rare constitutional reform process is underway in Armenia. On December 6, the Armenian people will vote on a comprehensive package of constitutional amendments that would replace the current (semi)presidential form of government with a parliamentary one. Historically, a change from (semi)presidential to a parliamentary system is quite exceptional. In the past, such changes occurred in Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sudan and Turkey, where civilian/military dictatorships – formally operating as presidential systems – were replaced by democratically elected civilian governments that (re)adopted a parliamentary form of government. In the context of a democratic (or semi-democratic) regime, a change of similar kind took place only once, in Moldova in 2000.


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